Case 3: 6-minute paired station - Raymond Bedford
- Expert: Abnormal Liver Function Tests
Component 1 – Candidate instructions
Raymond Bedford, 34 years old, presents to your office after receiving a letter from an insurance company. The company denied Raymond life insurance due to elevated liver enzymes. He is frustrated about the denial and wants you to clear up what he thinks is a mistake.
Raymond’s test results are as follows:
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) 230 U/L (N = 18‐40 U/L)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 225 U/L (N = 17‐63 U/L)
Alkaline phosphatase 110 U/L (N = 38‐126 U/L)
Total bilirubin 26 μmol/L (N < 26 μmol/L)
IN THE NEXT 6 MINUTES:
• OBTAIN A FOCUSED AND RELEVANT HISTORY.
At the next station, you will be asked to answer questions about this patient.
GIVE TWO (2) LABELS TO THE EXAMINER.
Interaction Rating Scale
Component 2 – Candidate instructions
- Record your answer(s) to each question by filling in the bubble(s) in front of your answer(s) with pencil.
- To change an answer, completely erase the bubble you do not want counted.
- Only clearly filled bubble(s) will be scored. The following marks CANNOT be scanned: ×, √,
- If you fill in more bubbles than specified in the question, that question will be scored ZERO.
Ensure your candidate label is placed as indicated.
Please initial in the box in the top right-hand corner of your exam sheet.
|Raymond Bedford’s physical examination was normal. You ordered repeat tests of the insurance assessments. The results of the repeat liver enzyme tests are as follows:|
|Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)||254 U/L||(N = 18‐ 40 U/L)|
|Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
||246 U/L||(N = 17‐ 63 U/L)|
|Alkaline phosphatase||116 U/L||(N = 38‐126 U/L)|
|Bilirubin (total)||24µmol/L||(N < 26 µmol/L)|
|Albumin||37 g/L||(N = 35‐50 g/L)|
|INR||1||(N = 0,9‐ 1,2)|
|Q1. Choose the THREE most likely diagnoses for the patient’s abnormal blood testing.
[Maximum of THREE answers]
|1.1 Acute hepatitis A
1.2 Acute hepatitis B
1.3 Acute hepatitis C
1.4 Alcoholic hepatitis
1.5 Autoimmune hepatitis
1.7 Chronic hepatitis B
1.8 Chronic hepatitis C
1.10 Fatty liver
1.11 Gilbert disease
1.13 Hepatocellular carcinoma
1.15 Infectious mononucleosis
1.16 Primary biliary cholangitis
1.17 Toxin‐induced hepatitis
1.18 Wilson disease
|Q2. Until further laboratory investigations are available, what advice would you give to the patient?
[Maximum of THREE answers]
|2.1 Alcohol cessation
2.2 Antiretroviral therapy
2.3 Chelating agent therapy
2.4 Fluid‐restricted diet
2.5 No driving
2.6 No sharing of toothbrush
2.7 Notification of sexual contacts
2.9 Prednisone treatment
2.10 Protein‐restricted diet
2.11 Safer sex practices
2.12 Screening of family members
2.13 Sick leave
2.14 Ursodeoxycholic acid prescription
|Q3. The patient is a hospital housekeeper. Based on the information available at this time, what is your public health notification responsibility?
[Maximum of ONE answer]
||3.1 No responsibility to report this to public health
3.2 Flag medical record with infectious disease warning
3.3 Inform employer of patient’s medical condition
3.4 Inform motor vehicle licensing authority of patient’s medical condition
3.5 Inform occupational health service of patient’s medical condition
3.6 Inform other health care team members of patient’s medical condition
3.7 Inform patient’s wife about his medical condition
3.8 Inform union health and safety representative of the infection
3.9 Report this infection as an occupational‐related illness
3.10 Report this infection to the local public health authority
3.11 Require testing of patient’s wife and children for hepatitis infection
Maximum score: 15